Islam is the complete perfected religion gifted by Almighty Allah to the whole humanity through the holy Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The prophetic traditions marvelously take into account all aspects in a believer's life that will reap countless benefits in the hereafter, besides Namaz, Roza, Zakaat, Sadqa and Hajj among other prayers, the Muslim funerals too bear numerous rights and restrictions, roles and responsibilities that should be undertaken towards our deceased brothers and sisters of all ages within the Muslim communities.
The Reality of DEATH
There is no doubt that the only guaranteed event that will definitely face each and every single living being; be they male or female, rich or poor, black or white, sick or healthy, is death. Despite the uneasiness people feel in talking about or even merely thinking about this dark topic, due to its unavoidable and inevitable nature, it only makes sense to prepare for it. This publication is designed to allow people to fully prepare for it’s occurrence in the event of someone in the near family passing away. It features a practical guide of what needs to be done, fulfilling both governmental and Islamic requirements. Thereafter it goes through the complete Islamic rites of passage, including the relevant prayers, avoiding customs which are usually adopted by people ignorant of the correct Sunnah method. This treatise covers what needs to be performed at the time of someone else’s death, it is also hoped that it can be a reminder for each of us to prepare for our own inevitable end.
EVENTS PRECEDING DEATH
A person on whom the signs of death are clearly seen is called a muhtadar. It is sunnah to let them lie on their right side facing the Qiblah. It is permitted that they be positioned to lie on their back with their feet towards the Qiblah, and the head slightly raised with a cushion so that it faces the Qiblah. All the bed linen must be tahir (clean). If moving the muhtadar causes them any discomfort then leave them in any convenient position. It is desirable to use loban (Frankincense), Attar (perfume) or any other aromatics that are tahir in the room. At this time the recital of Surah Yasin and Surah Ar Ra`d is recommended. This may be done in the same room. When one is incapable of reciting the Qur'an, someone else may be requested to recite these chapters or any other portions of the Qur'an.
Procedure for Janaza and dafan:
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